Ultrasound in Subfertility: Routine Applications and Diagnostic Challenges

Author: Jayaprakasan K, Panchal Sonal

Ultrasound is an essential tool in the assessment and management of subfertile couples undergoing fertility treatment. Ultrasound allows a non-invasive, direct assessment of the pelvic organs. A baseline ultrasound assessment of the pelvis is performed to screen for any pelvic pathologies that are known to have a negative effect on fertility and early pregnancy. It is used on a daily basis in all the fertility units to monitor the response to treatment and to guide egg collection and embryo transfer in women undergoing IVF treatment. Pre-treatment ultrasound assessment also facilitates prediction of ovarian reserve. The use of ultrasound has extended to subfertile men also for evaluation of testicular morphology and lower genital tract and for guiding surgical sperm retrieval. Since the introduction of ultrasound as a medical diagnostic tool in the 1950s, there has been significant progress in the ultrasound technology. Development of high frequency probes and refinements of ultrasound machines and associated softwares have helped to produce high-resolution images and thereby improving diagnostic capabilities. Introduction of 3D ultrasound and automated techniques in the last decade have further improved image qualities and facilitated more objective and reproducible volume measurements. This improved grey scale ultrasound imaging along with Doppler technologies have been incorporated in almost all the fertility units around the world with an over all aim to improve the success of fertility treatments without compromising safety of subfertile couples. It is essential that all the health professionals involved in the care of subfertile couples are well-versed with pelvic ultrasound and its applications. This textbook is aimed to provide them a practical overview of how both basic and advanced ultrasound techniques can be applied in diagnosis and management of patients presenting to a fertility clinic. This book is a guide for both inexperienced and experienced ultrasound practitioners to perform a high quality ultrasound and includes plenty of ultrasound images and videos relevant to each clinical scenario to ease the learning process. A systematic approach is adopted as this book begins with basic ultrasound principles, taking through correct examination techniques during a pelvic assessment, ultrasound screening of various uterine and adnexal pathologies, evaluation of tubal and ovarian function and application of ultrasound in monitoring treatment response, in assessing complications of fertility treatment and in guiding assisted reproduction treatment procedures. Special chapters are dedicated to provide an overview on the role of ultrasound in managing male infertility and also on three-dimensional ultrasound techniques and its applications in subfertilty.
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The Sankara Nethralaya Atlas of Ophthalmic Ultrasound and Ultrasound Biomicroscopy

Author: Bhende Muna, Kamat Harshali, Shantha B, Khetan Vikas, Krishna Tandava, Sen Parveen, Pradeep Suchitra

Ultrasonography is an important investigative tool in ophthalmology, particularly for vitreous surgery, oncology, and orbital diseases. Ophthalmic ultrasound is now widely accepted as an important tool for the diagnosis and management of many ocular and orbital disorders. This atlas is a compilation of the numerous classic and unusual cases performed by vitreoretinal surgeons at the ultrasonography department of Sankara Nethralaya, along with a brief outline of the salient clinical and ultrasound features. The Sankara Nethralaya Atlas of Ophthalmic Ultrasound and Ultrasound Biomicroscopy is a new edition to Sankara Nethralaya Atlas of Ophthalmic Ultrasound. It includes an entirely new section on ultrasound biomicroscopy that has widened the scope of this atlas to include anterior segment imaging as well. The text in this atlas is kept minimum, the salient clinical and ultrasound features have been described with practical tips for technique, interpretation, and implications on management. Colored photographs, pathology images as well as other diagnostic reports, such as CT and MRI are included for the better understanding. Practical issues as to when to perform the test in a given condition, what to look for and the implications on treatment have been dealt with in a brief fashion. This atlas may serve as both, a basic text as well as a reference tool and an invaluable resource for the students of ophthalmology and practicing ophthalmologists.
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Understanding Strabismus

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Understanding Strabismus

Author: Irfan Sameera

The related aspects of diseases and disorders of strabismus are dealt in this book. Each chapter emphasizes in detail on different types, causes, effects, clinical features, diagnosis, examination, symptoms and treatments for strabismus. This can begin as early as in infancy, childhood, or even in adulthood. With early diagnosis and treatment, the problem can usually be corrected. Delayed treatment may lead to permanent vision loss in one eye. An accurate and detailed history and a step-by-step clinical examination not only help in diagnosing the cause of strabismus but also help in outlining a management plan for surgery. Case studies are considered for most of the disorders along with the images for better understanding.
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Marketing in an Audiology Practice

Brian Taylor

Marketing in an Audiology Practice provides a unique, in-depth look into all facets of marketing and is a must-have for audiologists looking to market themselves and grow their business.

Marketing in an Audiology Practice provides a unique, in-depth look into all facets of marketing and is a must-have for audiologists looking to market themselves and grow their business.

This practical text strives to further the autonomy of the profession by presenting an A-to-Z approach for creating and implementing marketing plans and budgets in both for-profit and not-for-profit settings. Additionally, a key focus of this text is how to incorporate new and emerging social media tools as part of a comprehensive marketing strategy to appeal to a broader patient base.

Includes contributions from Curtis J. Alcock, Karen Ann Jacobs, Geoffrey Cooling, Robert Tysoe, and Donald W. Nielsen.

“This is not, I repeat, not, a marketing textbook. It is an audiology book that will demonstrate how marketing and branding are instrumental to the long-term sustainability of an audiology or hearing instrument dispensing practice. It is written for two audiences: graduate students who often do not get enough exposure to business-related coursework during their graduate school tenure and experienced audiologists who are looking for some material of a practical nature. Its primary intent is to support audiologists who aspire to own or operate their own practice.”
–Editor, Brian Taylor, AuD

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